Journal of Plant Tissue Culture
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Volume No 6(2) August,2016
Article ID: NPT 150816101
Antimicrobial activity and Phytochemical analysis of Anisomeles malabarica R. Br.
P. Parvathiraj, M. R. Sudhakaran and K. R. Narayanan
The present study was aimed to investigate antimicrobial activity and phytochemical analysis of Anisomeles malabarica R. Br., leaves extracted with alcohol and water. Regarding the antibacterial activity both aqueous and alcohol extracts exhibited better activity against gram positive bacteria such as Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus megaterium, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Streptococcus faecalis than gram negative bacteria such as Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella typhi and Vibrio cholera. In fungal strains namely Fusarium oxysporum, Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus flavus, Candida albicans and Trichoderma viride the antifungal activity was found to be good in leaves extracted with aqueous than alcohol. Phytochemical analysis of leaf of both extracts of A. malabarica showed positive results for alkaloids, carbohydrates and tannins.
Key Words: Anisomeles malabarica, Gram positive and negative bacteria and phytochemical screening
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